Questioner 1. Father of a child who was evacuated from Fukushima, currently living in Kyoto. (Fukushima Network for Saving Children from Radiation, Rest and Recuperation Department)
In Fukushima, the log term Rest and Recuperation programmes for children currently apply only to the summer vacation periods. We are therefore working to realize Rest and Recuperation programmes with school class units, in order to provide the children with temporary evacuation during their school terms.
However, if we bring up the high radiation level in this context, the school boards become reluctant to support our idea. After all, we are living in the environment in which high radiation levels such as 20 msV/year and 100 bq/kg are tolerated. If we in these conditions mention that the current situation is dangerous to the children, we are likely to be accused of scaremongering.
Q1. For Belarus children who participate in Rest and Recuperation programs, do you recognize any differences in the internal radiation level of their bodies before and after their joining the programs?
Yes, in one month the highest result in Japan in 2010 - was a reduction of Cs-137 in the body of children from Belarus for 1,5 month - almost 80%. In average this reduction is 35-40% in one month with Vitapect.
Q2. If you do, how do you measure the radiation (on the WBC, urine test, or blood test)?
On the WBC.
Q3. If you conduct the test with those different methods, could you tell me detailed results for each test (classified by the number of the days which the children participated in the programs, and the number of days between the day that the programs ended and the day that the tests were conducted)?
Q4. How do you consider biological half- life? Is the longer period of Rest and Recuperation programs considered to be more effective to reduce internal radioactive exposure of children? In this case, we need to show a convincing data to support our idea so that we can propose longer periods of evacuation.
Please, find info in attached file
Q5. Could you tell me the radiation levels of their living environment (background and soil radiation) and its relationship to their internal radioactive exposure?
Levels are different - from 185-555 kBq/m2 the soil contamination, background usually now below 0,5 microSv/h, average specific activity of Cs-137 - from 50-5000 Bq/kg
Questioner 2. A resident of the US, whose familis and relatives live in Fukushima city, Koriyama city, Shirakawa city and Nishigo villege. (World Network for Saving Children from Radiation)
Q6, How the Institute Belrad was established, if possible, in the context of the political background at that time？
The Institute was created by my father - Vasily Nesterenko
Vassili Nesterenko (2 December 1934 – 25 August 2008) was a physicist from Belarus and a former director of the Institute of Nuclear Energy at the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. He was born in Krasny Kut Village, Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. He had a diploma from the Bauman Moscow State Technical University. He worked on the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster.
Since 1990, he had been the director of the Belarusian Independent Institute of "Belrad", created in 1989 with the help of Andrei Sakharov, Ales Adamovich and Anatoly Karpov.
Because of his activities, he lost his job and got problems with the State Security Agency of Belarus, which threatened him with internment in a psychiatric asylum. Later, however, the Belarusian government tried to soften him proposing him to get back a job in a state institute, "at the condition that he would not work on Chernobyl anymore." He escaped two assassination attempts.
Nesterenko intervened immediately after news of the accident in the nuclear power plant started to spread. As an expert on the subject and with his experience as a fire fighter, he threw liquid nitrogen containers from a helicopter on the burning reactor core. To do this he had to move into the middle of radioactive smoke. Despite the heavy radioactive contamination of the area, Nesterenko survived. However, of the four passengers of his helicopter, three died from radioactive irradiation and contamination.
In 1990 Nesterenko founded the Institute of Radiation Safety (BELRAD), which carries out "radiation monitoring of the inhabitants of Chernobyl zone and their foodstuffs, development of measures on maintenance of radiation safety and protection of the population on territories, contaminated by radionuclides by realization of necessary scientific research, development and organization of implementation of their results in practice.
The institute of radiating safety “BELRAD” (Institute “BELRAD”) was created in 1990 and acts as independent not state organization. The goal of activity of the Institute “BELRAD” is radiation monitoring of the inhabitants of Chernobyl zone and their foodstuffs, development of measures on maintenance of radiation safety and protection of the population on territories, contaminated by radionuclides by realization of necessary scientific researches, development and organization of implementation of their results in practice.
The main directions of scientific activity of Institute are:
- Radiation monitoring on WBC of accumulation of Cs-137 in organism of children and their radiation protection by pectin preparations;
- Creation of network of local centers of the radiation control of food stuffs at the population and informing of the population on radiation danger;
- Development and manufacturing of dosimeter and radiometric devices of the control of food stuffs for radiological services of Belarus;
- Organization of production of pectin food additive “Vitapect”;
- Organization of educational centre on radio ecological education of the teachers and parents in Chernobyl regions on radiation protection of children
Since 1990, the institute “Belrad” carries out radiation monitoring of the contents of Cs-137 in foodstuffs at local centers of the radiation control (LCRC), created at local councils (schools, ambulance stations) with financial support of the State Committee on overcoming of Chernobyl consequences. These LCRC were created in the largest villages, affected by Chernobyl accident in Gomel, Brest, Mogilyov and Minsk region. Now in Belarus works 83 LCRC, including 23, which are financed at expense of the humanitarian aid from Germany. Computer databank of the Institute “Belrad” contains more than 320 thousand results of the radiation control of foodstuffs. The establishment of excess of the contents of Cs-137 in food stuffs above republican allowable levels (RDU) is the basis for the prime control of children on WBC for definition of the contents of radionuclides in their organism.
The Institute created and accredited on independence and technical competence (by the System of accreditation and test laboratories of the Republic of Belarus [certificate of accreditation No. BY/112 02.1.0.0385]) the Whole Body Counter laboratory (WBC). All 7 complexes “SCRINNER-3М” and the microbuses of laboratory are bought at financial support of Chernobyl charitable organizations of Germany, Ireland, USA, Norway. The institute will organize expeditions for measuring on WBC of children at schools and children's gardens in Chernobyl zone of Belarus.
In 1996-2001, the Institute “Belrad” measured on WBC more than 125 thousand children in Gomel, Brest, Mogilyov, Minsk, Grodno and Vitebsk region and in Minsk. The results of measurement of children on WBC are directed to the Ministry of Public Health, local government bodies for realization of protective measures.
The lists of children with the large accumulation of radionuclides in their organism are represented to charitable organizations in Belarus, Ireland, Germany, France, USA, Austria for inclusion those children in groups for improving.
Since April 2000, the Institute “Belrad” after reception of the sanction of the Ministry of Public Health began to produce food additive “Vitapect” on the basis of apple pectin with addition of seven vitamins and four microelements. Its cost in 2-3 times cheaper, than similar preparations, produced in France and Ukraine. “Vitapect” effectively binds and removes radionuclides and ions of heavy metals from the organism.
In June 2001 together with the French doctors was conducted the research of efficiency of “Vitapect” on a double “blind” method under the European standards. It has shown, that during 21 day reception of this preparation, the accumulation of Cs-137 in organism of 32 children decreased on 66 % (average value), whereas during reception of placebo in parallel group, the reduction has made 14%.
If you get interested by the indicated information, if you want to check up food stuffs, to be measured on WBC or to acquire pectin food additive “Vitapect”, call and come to the Institute of radiation safety “Belrad”.
Alexey Nesterenko Institute BELRAD
Past questions from Bridging Wormwood and Happy Island Vol.1